20 Medicinal Plants And Their Application! These Are Some Of The Best Plants From Folk Medicine!
People all over the world use medicinal plants in folk medicine since ancient times.
Moreover, through history, we have learned very much about the positive effects of medicinal plants on our bodies.
Some types of medicinal plants can really cure us.
Here, we will show you 20 most important medicinal plants and also herbs!
Of course, only medicinal plants, herbs and folk medicine cannot cure world health problems.
However, even now, treatments for medicinal plants and herbs are very popular.
We came to know about medicinal plants from our ancestors who carefully collected information about them.
In addition, they used medicinal plants for the prevention and also treatments of many diseases.
The most commonly used medicinal plants in folk medicine
– 1. Aloe Vera
This plant was known 5,000 years ago in India, where it was often used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Aloe Vera contains more than 240 nutrients and also medicinal compounds!
Among them are:
– Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12, C, E, and also folic acid
– Minerals magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper, calcium, calcium, potassium, and also iron
– Sterols, etc.
Aloe Vera stimulates digestion, neutralizes acid in the stomach, help with long-term treatment of fungal skin infections.
In addition, it helps with irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, and also diarrhea.
It penetrates through the walls of the digestive tract, inspires harmful bacteria and also cleans the colon.
Aloe Vera reduces inflammation and, at the same time, increases the absorption of nutrients.
It improves liver function, regulates and also lowers blood sugar, strengthens cardiac muscle, and lowers cholesterol.
In addition, it lowers blood pressure and stimulates the immune system.
As an additional therapy, it reduces the harmful side effects of chemotherapy and also radiotherapy.
It alleviates the symptoms of asthma and allergies.
The folk medicine also uses this medicinal plant for treatments on dry, susceptible, and damaged skin.
– 2. Angelica
Angelica mainly grows on wet ground as well as on meadows or near rivers and lakes.
The roots, leaves, and also angelica seeds are rich in powerful medicinal properties.
They contain angelicin, essential oils, tannin, organic acids, pectins, and also resins.
The folk medicine uses root for digestive disorders, diarrhea, flatulence, stomach pain, gut, gastritis, and also colitis.
It also helps with gout and rheumatic diseases.
It has a very antibacterial effect, which can help with bronchitis, cough, flu, and colds.
The seed of this plant is also known as a powerful diuretic.
The leaves are used in traditional medicine for the production of tincture for ironic problems.
The folk medicine also uses Angelica for blood cleansing, loss of appetite, stomach pain, and headache.
It has a positive effect on the muscles, the nervous system, the intestines, and the dissecting organs.
Also, it removes the feeling of fatigue, acts against overwhelming, and irregular menstrual periods.
– 3. Mountain Arnica
Mountain Arnica grows on damp mountain meadows, and sometimes you can find it in forests.
The folk medicine uses flowers, leaves, and also roots of this medicinal plant.
Mountain Arnica contains arnicine, essential oils, resins, waxes, tannins, sugars, organic acids, carotenoids, vitamin C, flavonoids, polyacetylene, macroelements, and microelements.
The folk medicine uses this plant to stop bleeding in cold wounds, exhaustion, heart disease, and also stroke.
In addition, it stimulates breastfeeding, reduces sweat, regulates urine in children, and facilitates menstruation.
Nutritionists recommend using this plant with caution because large quantities may cause unpleasant side effects.
– 4. Mistletoe
Mistletoe is a plant that is mentioned in many Nordic and also Celtic legends.
Old Europeans attribute it to divine attributes – masculinity, fertility, and love.
The active ingredients are polypeptides, flavonoids, lignins, and also biogenic amides.
The folk medicine uses this plant for heart disease, regulating blood pressure, stopping nasal bleeding, dizziness, and also cramps.
Mistletoe is removing problems connected with menopause: arrhythmias, heartburn, heartache, and difficulty breathing.
It also plays an important role in preventing stroke.
Mistletoe also has effects against cancer.
In addition, scientific studies have confirmed that this plant will ease pain and also reduce the side effects of chemotherapy.
– 5. Ribwort Plantain
Ribwort Plantain is often considered as an ordinary weed on cultivated land.
However, the folk medicine recognizes roots, leaves, and also seeds as herbs.
It contains flavonoids, organic acids, tannins, enzymes, mucus, sugar, and vitamin C.
It is used in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory organs, asthma, lung inflammation, coughing, and also tuberculosis.
In addition, it cleanses blood, lung, and stomach.
People also use this plant for insect bites or snake bites, scratches and wounds.
This herb can help with drowsiness, thrombosis, liver disease, and bladder disease.
– 6. Basil
There are about sixty kinds of basil and all have a different look and taste.
It grows in various parts of the world, originally grown in tropical Asia.
The first records of basil were found in ancient Egypt and the old ones are 4,000 years old!
This plant contains essential oils, tannins, glycosides, saponins, minerals, and also sugars.
Essential oil contains eugenol, cineol, and also camphor.
The seeds of Basil contain triglycerides, carotene, and routine.
The folk medicine uses Basil to treat inflammation, coughs, asthma, and also urinary tract diseases.
It can also treat the nerve, insomnia, and discomfort.
In addition, Basil increases sexual drive.
Studies have shown that basil oil has a beneficial effect on the immune system.
The fresh leaves and oils have antibacterial and antiseptic properties and also can treat infections.
Basil can also be used locally – put the leaves on the wound to prevent bacterial infections.
– 7. Birch
The birch has always been appreciated plant in many countries around the world.
In the 12th century, the flower of the birch was recommended against wounds and sores.
Pietro Andrea Mattioli, an Italian physician from the 16th century, discovered the extraordinary efficacy of the birch against kidney stones and also the urinary bladder.
The folk medicine use juice, leaves, and also barks of this plant.
Leaves and buds contain saponin, tannin, essential oils, sucrose, betulin, resin, and also vitamin C.
In addition, birch contains substances that have both medical and antiseptic properties.
The folk medicine, these substances often use against skin diseases.
Birch helps with all kinds of skin diseases: acne, pimple, dermatitis, and also eczema.
The juice and also wine from birch are excellent for atherosclerosis, obesity, kidney stones and also other kidney diseases.
Birch tea increases the secretion of the urine, removes acid from the body, treat fever, and also rheumatic diseases.
– 8. Cleavers
This is a plant growing on the ground, but also on other plants.
It contains essential oils, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and also organic acids.
This plant helps with cramps, stimulates sweating, and also stimulates urinating.
It has a positive effect on the nervous disorder, epilepsy, and anxiety.
The folk medicine uses this herb for digestive disorders, inflammation of the bladder and also inflammation of the kidneys.
In addition, it can treat spleen diseases, pancreas diseases, painful urination, and jaundice.
– 9. Yarrow
The Yarrow has been used for more than 5,000 years in China for many diseases.
It contains mucus, silicic acid, aucubin, and antibiotic compounds.
The most common use of this plant is in coughing, but it is effective for all diseases of the dissecting system.
It also helps all respiratory organs, especially in diseases characterized by mucus discharge.
Nutritionists recommend yarrow for coughing, asthma, pneumonia, and even tuberculosis.
Scientists find that yarrow creates an aversion to smoking and also reduces the desire for nicotine.
Therefore, it is a common ingredient in the products used for stop smoking.
The juice from Yarrow has antibacterial properties, so strong that they do not even need conservation preservatives because they do not break.
The Yarrow contains antimicrobial compounds effective against Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and also Clostridia.
These bacteria are responsible for skin infections, tonsillitis, and also tetanus.
– 10. Red Clover
Red Clover is a plant originating from Europe, West Asia, and Northwest Africa
However, it is cultivated and naturalized in many other areas in the world.
It contains trifolin and vitamin C and is used as a sweetener in herbal teas.
The folk medicine also uses it to treat lymphatic system, cough, asthma, and colds.
In addition, the folk medicine in India uses it against cramps, for exfoliation, as a sedative, and also as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Red Clover is the national flower of Denmark.
– 11. Chicory
Chicory is a plant with light blue flowers, and rare with white or pink, growing everywhere as a weed.
The folk medicine uses the roots, flowers, and also leaves from this herb.
Chicory contains fructose, pentosan, alkaloids, and traces of proteins, sugar, resin and also much potassium.
People use Chicory tea as a remedy for liver, spleen, kidney, and also jaundice.
In addition, it stimulates the secretion of urine.
Fresh juice made of leaves, flowers, and roots purifies the blood.
It is also used to treat depression and hypochondria.
It helps to eczema, subcutaneous ulcers, against child`s parasites, suppress the fever, alleviate swelling.
In addition, this juice stimulates hair growth.
– 12. Edible burdock
Edible burdock originally comes from Eurasia, but now we can find it in most parts of the world.
The folk medicine uses seeds, roots, and also leaves from this plant.
You can use leaves when they are still young, and seeds when mature.
This plant contains protein, palmitic acid, stearic acid, glucosides, alkaloids, tannins, essential oils and also lots of vitamin C.
A juice from leaves is excellent for liver disease.
It stimulates the secretion of the bile and, at the same time, helps with diabetes.
The Edible burdock tea cleanses the blood.
A fresh juice obtained from the root is used to treat lichen, subcutaneous sores, acne, burns and open wounds.
Tea from Edible burdock seeds is good against kidney stones, stimulates urination, and also regulates menstruation.
From the seeds, you can make an essential oil, which people traditionally use as a remedy for dandruff and hair loss.
– 13. Milk Thistle
The Milk Thistle people often mix up with Edible burdock.
The folk medicine is using only his mature fruit and very rare leaves.
Milk Thistle has been in use for over 2,000 years and is mainly used for liver cleansing and also liver regeneration.
Seeds contain triglycerides, essential oils, resins, mucus, tyramine, histamine, copper, and selenium.
Due to the presence of tyramine, the Milk Thistle increases blood pressure.
The folk medicine uses this plant for treating asthma, headache, and also a rash.
The folk medicine is using Milk Thistle for a long time against diabetes, irregular stools, hemorrhoid treatment, and also other similar illnesses.
Native Americans use this plant for treatment of ulcers and skin diseases.
Some preliminary medical studies even indicate that you can use Milk Thistle to prevent the growth of prostate cancer cells.
– 14. Houseleek
When it comes to herbs, it is almost impossible to bypass the houseleek.
Humans know this herb for thousands of years.
It is also easily recognizable by its thick foliage leaves and star-shaped flowers.
This plant contains polysaccharides, tannins, mucus, flavonoids, alkaloids, resins, calcium malate, triglycerides, formic acid and also malic acid.
The houseleek tea promotes urinary excretion and also helps with diarrhea.
In addition, it helps with severe menstruation, blood dysentery, and ear infections.
The folk medicine uses juice to treat burns, insect bites, bunions – calluses, warts, and sunburn.
– 15. Wild Pansy – Viola
People can sometimes see medicinal plants as well as only beautiful wildflowers.
Wild Pansy (day and night, purple, Viola, virgin violet, purple violet, Viola tricolor…) is a common European wildflower that also has medicinal properties.
It is growing in mountainous areas, mainly in dry, rugged areas.
The folk medicine use only wild subspecies with small flowers (8-14 mm).
Viola contains flavonoids, essential oils, vitamin C, carotenoids, coumarin, mucus, and also minerals.
The folk medicine uses it for the treatment of skin diseases, itching, rheumatism, gout, jaundice, chronic bronchitis, common cough, and also large cough.
In addition, Viola increases urinary excretion and you can treat inflammation of the bladder.
– 16. Mullein
Mullein grows on sunny rocky hills and rugged ground.
It comes from Europe, North Africa, and Asia, and is also imported to America and Australia.
The folk medicine uses flowers and also leaves from this plant.
It contains mucus, saponins, sugar, coumarin, beta-carotene, flavonoids, and essential oils.
In addition, you can use mullein against a cough, colds, hoarseness, and rheumatism.
It is a very good remedy for treating lung diseases, hemorrhoids, liver, spleen, and also a cough.
People also sometimes smoke leaves against lung diseases (in the tradition of Native American Tribes).
The essential oil is used for a long time against puffiness, chills, eczema, and also other external wounds.
– 17. Ground-ivy
Ground-ivy has many medicinal properties.
People also use this plant as a supplement of salads in many countries around the world.
People use Ground-ivy in traditional medicine for thousands of years.
It works particularly well on the respiratory organs and the treatment of diseases related to them: mucus in the lungs and also throat and bronchial asthma.
This plant has a positive effect on the nervous system, fight against parasites, stimulates menstruation, relieves gastric and intestinal problems.
It also regulates cholesterol.
Although used as salad and herbal remedy for thousands of years, it is advised to use it with caution.
This plant is not sufficiently scientifically tested.
This plant is also poisonous for cattle and horses.
– 18. Garden Nasturtium
Garden Nasturtium is a plant that originally grew up in the Andes in Bolivia and Colombia.
Later, this plant was also naturalized in parts of the United States.
Nowadays, you can find it in many gardens around the world as an ornamental plant.
All parts are edible, and you can add the flowers in a salad as a healthy ornamental ingredient.
You can use it for urinary tract infections and urinary bladder inflammation.
People also use it for chronic kidney disease, contagious bronchitis, and respiratory infections after flu.
In addition, you can use it to improve metabolism and fight against bloating.
– 19 Echinacea
It contains echinacin, essential oils, resins, phytosterols, alkaloids, starch, sugar, glucosides with antibacterial effect, inulin, and also vitamin C.
In the folk medicine, people use it as an immunostimulant.
Echinacea strengthens the immune system by increasing the production of antibodies and blood leukocytes.
It spreads like an anti-inflammatory agent and also stops the spread of bacteria.
The folk medicine uses it to treat skin wounds: acne, burns, eczema, inflammation of the skin glands and insect bites.
In addition, this herb promotes liver and kidneys in the detoxification process.
People also use it against childhood illness, herpes, flu, sinusitis, bronchitis, and disease of the respiratory system.
– 20. Hawthorn
Hawthorn is a plant used to make Chinese fermented drinks, and its remains are even found in 9,000 years old pots!
It contains essential oils, tannins, flavonoids, organic acids, acetylcholine, and choline in the flowers.
The fruity part also contains organic acids, steroids, vitamin C, carotene, tannin, flavonoids, acetylcholine, and selenium.
Hawthorn is one of the most valuable plants for heart disease.
It strengthens and also regulates the work of the heart.
In addition, effectively regulate blood pressure.
In older people, it helps with the heart muscle.
It also helps with tension, irritability, and insomnia.
People also use hawthorn to fight pneumonia, flu, cough, and bronchitis.
Hawthorn is also important for people who have experienced a heart attack because it improves blood flow to the heart muscle.
The folk medicine uses its fruits against kidney stones and gout.