Thyroid gland takes the form of a butterfly, located in the lower part of the neck below Adam’s apple.
This important gland produces hormones that regulate the rate of metabolism.
If the function of thyroid gland is disturbed it will slow down or speed up the metabolism, as it disturbs the production of thyroid hormones.
When their level is too low or too high, there are a number of healthy issues.
Do you feel fatigue every day, blurred vision, you are gaining weight, catches your anger or you lose your hair?
In addition, it can happen also a contradiction: you have often short of breath, sweating or you are upset?
A possible culprit is thyroid gland.
It is important to discover the problem in time because with proper treatment you can avoid serious health problems.
Control your thyroid gland
You need to go every five years on examination of the thyroid gland, starting from the 35th year.
People with symptoms or risk factors have to do tests more often.
Hypothyroidism affects women older than 60th years.
In addition, a family history of this disease increases the risk.
Check your neck
This little habit helps you spot an enlarged thyroid gland.
Tilt your head back and drink a sip of water.
As you swallow, feel the neck below Adam’s apple just above the collarbone.
Look for bulges and repeat the process several times.
If you experience any bulge or lump, contact your doctor!
Diagnosis of disorders of the thyroid gland is carried out by a blood test that measures the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone – TSH.
If it is high, it usually means that the function of the thyroid gland is too low – hypothyroidism.
If it is low, the thyroid gland is overactive – hyperthyroidism.
At the request of the doctor, you can checks the level of other thyroid hormones in the blood.
The most common cause of hypothyroidism
It is believed that the most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the thyroid gland.
The result is damaging the thyroid, thus, this gland does not produce enough hormones.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is often hereditary, and in some cases is a result of problems with the pituitary gland.
This gland is located in the brain and produces TSH, stimulating the thyroid gland.
If the pituitary gland does not produce enough TSH the thyroid hormone levels will drop.
Other causes are temporary inflammation of the thyroid, or drugs that affect its function.
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism – diseases of the thyroid.
It is an autoimmune disorder that causes the release of high levels of thyroid hormones.
One of the hallmarks of this disease is swelling of the neck and eyes, which is visible and uncomfortable.
Consequences of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
In severe cases, low levels of thyroid hormone can cause loss of consciousness and life-threatening drop in body temperature.
On the other hand, the consequences of untreated hyperthyroidism are heart problems and reduced bone density.
Hope you will treat healthy and take care for your important organ thyroid gland.