Most people intake enough probiotics or at least know they need them, but what they do not know is that they need also prebiotics for their organism.
It is about nondigestible dietary fibers that trigger the growth of bacteria and also positively affect the whole flora.
It does not need to be mixed with probiotics – good bacteria, without which our body could not function normally.
These Gram-positive bacteria trigger metabolic processes in the body and also successfully suppress pathogenic microorganisms.
More about prebiotics
Do you know inulin and why we need it?
The most famous prebiotic is inulin which you can find in:
– Also, artichoke
However, due to their importance to health, they are often added to some finished products, such as:
– Also, yogurt
It is known that prebiotics in foods:
– Improve the intestinal flora
– Strengthen immunity
– Also, stimulate faster weight loss
– Alleviate the symptoms of ulcerative colitis
– Alleviate Crohn`s disease
– Also, alleviate irritable bowel syndrome
– Alleviate celiac disease
Prebiotics are not decomposed or absorbed in the intestines.
The most famous species are inulin, oligosaccharides, and also arabinogalactans.
Inulin and oligosaccharides are short-chain polysaccharides, that is, chains of carbon hydrates.
Also, they act in different parts of the colon contributing to health.
In addition, with the growth and maintenance of good bacteria population, pathogenic microorganisms are suppressed, causing various and unpleasant health problems.
They strengthen immunity and soothe the work of the intestines
One of the most important benefits attributed to prebiotic is the strengthening of the immune system.
Babies benefit from them while they are still in the stomach.
In addition, they reduce the risk of eczema, accelerate growth and metabolism, and increase tolerance to milk and dairy products.
That is why they are added to the finished products, especially for the youngest ones.
Excessive research suggests that prebiotic in food stimulate T cell formation.
T cells are important for the body’s defense system.
Namely, feeding good bacteria strengthens the immune system of the digestive system, but also the whole organism.
The pathogenic microorganism is easier to go through the permeable intestines and then colonize other organs in the body.
Therefore, it is of crucial importance to remedy the inflammation of the intestines.
At the same time, they will provide enough food to develop useful bacteria.
Studies show that prebiotics in the diet successfully alleviates the symptoms of inflammation of the colon.
Among other things, this condition includes the absence of an immune response to bacterial culture in the intestines.
This also applies to sufferers of Crohn`s Disease, Celiac Disease, and Ulcerative Colitis.
These patients have a reduced number of good bacteria in the digestive system.
That is usually a common consequence of taking antibiotics.
It has been shown that prebiotic in food significantly alleviate the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, such as:
– Pain in the stomach
– Also, bloody stools.
In addition, they increase the absorption of nutrients such as calcium and stimulate the discharge of the intestines.
Probiotics and prebiotics make a powerful duo
Wishing to connect two good products and bid them together in the package, pharmaceutical companies created synbiotics.
Synbiotics are a mixture of probiotics and also prebiotics with a broad spectrum of beneficial effects.
This easily digestible food improves the microflora of digestive organs.
At the same time, synbiotics prevents the spread of pathogenic bacteria.
In addition, synbiotics:
– Strengthen the immune system
– Lower blood cholesterol levels
– Prevent colon cancer
– Recover the lining of the intestines after antibiotic therapy
– Also, help in treating urogenital infections
Prebiotics protect against cancer and the most severe diseases
Some research even suggests that prebiotic in food have a similar role to that of antioxidants.
They are neutralizing carcinogenic substances.
Namely, they feed bacteria that produce very important short-chain fatty acids (butyrate, acetate, propionic acid and also valerate).
These short-chain fatty acids strengthen the lining of the intestines.
The production of short-chain fatty acids prevents cancer because it reduces the pH value in the intestines.
Two of the best-known bacteria in the human body are Bifidobacterium and also Lactobacillus.
Both of them produce a fatty acid that protects the colon by reducing the pH value.
Lower pH value in the colon means also a lower risk of cancer because they inhibit cancerous enzymes.
In addition, they produce a butyrate that is linked to apoptosis (self-erosion) of cancerous cells.
At the same time, they increase glutathione – antioxidant in the intestines.
Regulate the glucose level
Researchers also show that if prebiotics is taken regularly, they can reduce appetite and type 2 diabetes.
Moreover, they contribute to maintaining blood glucose levels.
In one study, the effect of prebiotics and probiotics on more than 6,500 people was investigated.
People who drank yogurt not only reduced insulin resistance and blood sugar – but had a significantly lower triglyceride level and also blood pressure.
Although maybe this needs further evidence, researchers believe that increasing butyrate inhibits cholesterol production in the liver.
Some of the foods that contain prebiotics are:
– Coconut and also coconut flour
– Also sesame seeds
– Also, sweet potatoes
If you often have some of these foods on the daily menu, you will do a lot for your digestion and also the health of your entire digestive system.